how loud is a wind turbine

How Loud Is A Wind Turbine?

How loud is a wind turbine? It is a fact that wind turbines emit noise, just like many other human activities. However, do you know how loud a wind turbine is? Wind turbines are generally located at least 300m away from homes (the distance that the Department of Energy and Climate Change recommends). The noise created by wind turbines is an issue of concern for many. This article will tell you how loud your wind turbine is likely to be once it is installed.

how loud is a wind turbine

How a Wind Turbine Works

Before we can discuss the sound created by a wind turbine, it is important to have an idea of how a wind turbine works.

Using energy that is generated by the force of the wind, they convert this energy into electricity or renewable fuel. A typical three-blade system can generate enough electricity to power up to 2,500 homes each year. The layout and design of a wind farm are influenced by the geometry of the site and its terrain, as well as any obstacles such as trees and buildings in the way. 

How To Make Wind Turbine Efficient 

For wind turbines to work efficiently, they must capture as much moving air as possible. To do this, they are placed at least 50 meters from each other to minimize unwanted turbulence. In some cases, turbines will be built on ridges or hilltops where there are no obstacles in the way to block or slow down the speed of the wind itself.

Noise Level Dependency Factors 

The noise levels generated by modern wind turbines are generally between 35 and 60 decibels (dBA) at a distance of 300m from the turbine, depending on actual wind conditions.

It is important to note that noise levels depend on the following:

Wind Speed 

  • Wind speed – The higher the wind speed, the louder it sounds, and vice versa. The sound pressure level (SPL) is related to both air density and wind speed. For instance, if an average-sized modern turbine operates at 15 m/s in calm conditions with an average SPL of 42 dBA at 100 meters from it, then this same turbine would have an SPL of 52 dBA with 4 m/s winds or 58 dBA with 25 m/s winds.

Location Of Turbine 

  • To put this into perspective: if you were standing next to one of these turbines during its operating day (24 hours), you could expect about 3 hours of exposure when there was little or no precipitation falling outside. About 1-hour exposure if there was light rain; about 30 minutes exposure to sunlight during moderate precipitation. And only 7 minutes during heavy rainfall before hearing damage occurred.

A wind turbine is normally located 300 meters or more away from a dwelling. A turbine at that distance will also have a sound level of 43 dB. To put that into perspective, the typical air conditioning system can produce 50 decibels of noise, while most refrigerators produce approximately 40 decibels.

Wind Turbine Noise Is Similar To An Average City Street

The sound of wind turbines is created by the blades passing through the air and hitting each other, which can be heard from a distance of up to two miles away. However, this sound is generally not something that people notice unless they are listening to it (and even then, it’s only noticeable if there are no other loud noises present). 

The noise produced by wind turbines is very much like that made by fans or refrigerators—you might hear them when they’re first turned on but after that, you don’t notice them because they’re background noise.

The Colder It Is, The More Sound Travel 

Noise travels further when it is cold and there is a lack of other sounds (such as at night) and during a still day which makes sounds carry further.

  • The colder the air is the more sound travels. This is because there are fewer molecules in the air to absorb and dampen out sounds than there would be on a warmer day.
  • Sound travels further at night because there’s less other noise around to mask it.
  • Wind speed has an impact on how far you can hear something. As wind speed increases, so does how far you can hear objects such as turbines or waves crashing against rocks.
  • A still day means that a dry atmosphere moves faster than a moist one (such as rain). This means any sound being produced will carry further than normal.

For Comparison, An Average Conversation Is Around 60dBa

As one might expect, the noise levels generated by wind turbines are relatively low. For comparison, an average conversation is around 60dBA, the noise in a restaurant is around 50dBA, while a jet engine at take-off is around 120dBA. 

However, while this may be true for an individual turbine and its immediate surroundings. It’s important to remember that wind farms are made up of many turbines. It can create considerable background noise when they’re working together.

Modern Turbines Emit Significantly Less Noise

Modern turbines emit significantly less noise than older models. The noise levels generated by modern wind turbines are generally between 35 and 60 decibels (dBA) at a distance of 300m from the turbine. It depends on actual wind conditions.

This is equivalent to the sound level of a refrigerator or dishwasher in operation.

Noise Limits Are Set To 45dBA For Both Weak And Strong Winds 

If a wind turbine is too noisy, it’s not allowed to operate. It’s simple enough to understand: if it makes more noise than what’s permitted by law, then it has to be switched off.

But here’s where things get interesting: the noise limit is the same for both weak winds and strong winds. It doesn’t matter if gusts are blowing around; as long as it isn’t too loud for its good, then that’s perfectly fine!

Reason For This Regulation 

The reason for this regulation is that there was some concern over whether or not turbines. It makes more noise in certain conditions of weather. This might have led them towards having different restrictions depending on how strong the winds were blowing at any given time throughout the year. 

Noise Is Calculated, but Measurements Are Not Precise 

A wind turbine is a very large piece of machinery, and it’s hard to measure the sound it makes. The measurements are only an estimate, so they may not be precise or accurate.

Wind Turbines Aren’t As Loud As You Think They Are

If you’re concerned with the noise level of your wind turbine, don’t worry. Turbines aren’t as loud as you think they are.

When comprehended sounds in your day-to-day life and at night, a turbine is quite quiet. You probably wouldn’t be able to hear it over the sound of traffic on a busy road or television set.


In short, wind turbines are not as loud as you think they are and the noise level of a turbine is almost always less than surrounding activities.